Home  »  Tibet Tourist Attractions  »  Ngari  »  Site of Ancient Guge Kingdom

Site of Ancient Guge Kingdom

The local regime known as Guge Kingdom started in the 10th century by the descendants of the Tobo Kingdom.

3.93583 713

Guge Kingdom One of the first important cultural relic sites under protection, the grand palace ruins stand on a 300-meter tall yellow earth hill on the banks of the Xiangquang River in the Zaborang District at about 18 km away from the Zada County. The Xiangquang River runs northwest from the Lake Manasarovar. The river valley is broad with the fertile earth . Rising abruptly from the river bank, the ruins add much mystery to this area.    

The local regime known as Guge Kingdom started in the 10th century by the descendants of the Tobo Kingdom. In the 9th century, when Lang Dharma was assassinated, the Tubo Kingdom fell apart as civil wars surged. Jide Nyimagon, the great-grandson of Lang Dharma, led his followers to Ngari and set up the Guge Kingdom. The 3 sons of Jide Nyimagon and their descendants later set up 3 regimes: Guge, Ladakh and Burang. The region had a glorious past. At its peak, the regime covered not only the entire Ngari, but also extended to Kashmir and today’s Pakistan. There are many opinions on how the Guge Kingdom disappeared. A widely acclaimed view says that in 1635, soldiers from the Ladakh Regime finally conquered the Guge Palace and ravaged the place into ruins. Every human being here was hunted down. The last King of Guge and his family members were captured and taken away. Nothing was ever heard of them. The great Guge Kingdom thus bade adieu to the stage of history.    

Until today, the grandeur of the Guge Palace still strikes awe in the beholder’s heart. The castle-like palace was built along the mountain and commands a strategic point. Inside, there are underground tunnels leading to various directions; outside, the strong and thick walls are invincible. The ruins take up an area of 720,000 square meters, consisting of 445 rooms, 879 caves, 58 pillboxes, 4 secret tunnels and 28 Buddhist pagodas. The hundreds of rooms were piled up one after another till the top of the mountain. This is truly an unique imperial palace. Most of the cave palaces have grand domes and are differentiated for summer and winter functions.    

Outside the ruins are city walls, at the 4 corners of which are pillboxes. Preserved in good conditions today are the Mandala Hall, Gongkang, Scripture Hall, Red Monastery, White Monastery, Samsara Monastery, Zhoimalhakang and Mani Stone Carving Wall. Inside and outside the ruins are a great volume of relics such as grains, production tools, clothing and decorations, helmets, shields and arrows. They are preserved very well in the cold, dry air of the plateau. From the many caves at the ruins people have found many headless bodies which have turned into mummies. It’s also here that a baby girl’s body buried in the wall was found. It’s the first time Chinese archaeologists encountered such a burial custom. The Tibet Autonomous Region Museum now protects the baby about 4 years old.

Tips of Guge Kingdom

1. If you want to see the frescoes in Guge Kingdom, you may as well take a flashlight with you. However, taking pictures of the frescoes are forbidden.

2. There is no guesthouse in Guge Kingdom. If you want to watch the nightscape of Guge, you need to prepare the tent yourself.

3. There are some hotels in Zada County.

 Opening Hours: 8:00--19:0

Tickets: CNY 50.00

Address: 18 km away from the Zada County

Best time to visit it

Jul. To Sept. would be the best time to go. 

     

You may like it

Tholing Monastery

Tholing Monastery is the oldest monastery in the Nagri Prefecture. It is situated in Tholing, Zanda County, at an altitude of 3,800 meters above sea level. It was built in 997 AD by Yeshe-O, the second Kin...

Site of Ancient Guge Kingdom

Guge Kingdom One of the first important cultural relic sites under protection, the grand palace ruins stand on a 300-meter tall yellow earth hill on the banks of the Xiangquang River in the Zaborang Distri...

Pangong Lake

Pangong Lake is a famous border lake. It lies to the north of the Rutog County (not far from Rutog Rock Paintings) and extends westward across the border. “Pangong” comes from the Indian langua...

Mount Kailash

Mount Kailash As the main peak of the Gandise Mountains, Mount Kailash is the most famous holy mountain (Bonri Mountain and Himalayas are also holy mountains in Tibet) in Asian history. With 4 distinct sid...

Lake Manasarovar

Lake Manasarovar is among the world’s highest fresh-water lakes. At an elevation of 4,583 meters, the lake covers 412 square kilometers. With the northern part broader than the southern end, the deep...

Shiquan River

Shiquan River, also known as Senge Tibetan cloth, the upper reaches of the Indus. Flows through the northwest arid and arctic areas, originated in the north of Gangrenpoqi peak, the source of 5164 meters a...

Zanda Earth Forest

Zanda Earth Forest is located along the river of Langqen Zangbo, Zanda County in Ali. It has been viewed as the most typical and largest tertiary strata earth forest in the world with the total area of 2,4...

Gurla Mandhata

Gurla Mandhata is the highest peak of the Nalakankar Himal – a small subrange of the Himalayas. In south from Mt. Kailash, the Gurla range lies in Burang County of Tibet, China, near the North-West c...

Unwrap the Experience with the

Tibet dream footprint,Snowy paradise,Sacred to the extreme

Travel Tibet China(traveltibetchina.com) provides a platform for those tourists who want to visit Tibet in groups,which helps them solve the problem of being unable to group together with others. Grouping travel countries include America、England、Germany etc.The dream of visiting Tibet will come true for you if you have it, Travel Tibet China!

We are here to help you...
Start planning your tailor-made China Tours with 1-1 help from our travel advisors.

Create Your Trip

Top
x